HIV/AIDS – Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks the body’s immune system and can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) if not treated. There currently is no effective cure for HIV, but it can be controlled with antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Endocarditis – An infection of the heart lining, heart valve, or blood vessel caused by bacteria in the bloodstream.
Meningitis – A bacterial or viral infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord that causes swelling of the protective membranes that cover them. May also be caused by injuries, cancer, certain drugs, or other types of infections.
Lyme disease – A condition caused by a bacteria that is spread to humans by bites from infected ticks. Symptoms may vary and can include fever, headache, fatigue, and a “bullseye” skin rash. Without treatment, it can spread to the heart, the joints, and the nervous system.
Skin and soft tissue infections – A common reason for patients to seek care, these can range from superficial infections of cuts or abrasions to severe necrotizing infections that can affect the skin, the tissue beneath the skin, and the tissue that covers internal organs.
Osteomyelitis – A rare but serious infection of the bone, this can be caused by an infection in one part of the body spreading to the bone through the bloodstream or by exposure to an infection from an open fracture or surgery.
Pneumonia – An infection of the lungs that can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi, pneumonia causes inflammation of the air sacs in your lungs, which fill with fluid and make breathing difficult.
Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) –UTI symptoms include a burning sensation during urination, the need to urinate frequently, and cloudy urine. UTIs are considered recurrent when two or more occur within a six-month period. These tend to be more common in women, and typically affect the bladder and urethra.