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Diagnosis and Treatment

The Capital Health Cancer Center offers a complete range of personalized programs focused on the prevention, detection, and treatment of lung cancer. As an accredited comprehensive community cancer center by the Commission on Cancer, we are recognized for providing the highest levels of quality cancer care, a multidisciplinary team of expert clinicians, and leading-edge cancer care. We are steadfast in our commitment to provide the latest in advanced diagnostics and treatment options.

Symptoms

Lung cancer can go undiagnosed because typically there are no symptoms or perhaps symptoms such as a chronic cough may be attributed to other health issues. Many people with lung cancer do not have symptoms until the disease is in its later stages. Symptoms may present themselves differently in each person.

If you believe you are at risk for lung cancer, speak to your physician about scheduling a lung cancer screening.

Common symptoms:

  • Coughing that is persistent or gets worse
  • Blood in mucous
  • Chest pain that is constant or more difficult with deep breathing, coughing, or laughing
  • Hoarse voice
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling tired or weak
  • Frequent respiratory infections (e.g., bronchitis and pneumonia)
  • Pain in your chest, upper back, or shoulder that doesn’t go away or worsens with deep breathing
  • Wheezing

Other symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Bone pain or fractures
  • Blood clots
  • Trouble Swallowing
  • Swelling in the face or neck

Diagnosis

There are several tests that can be used to diagnose lung cancer. It is important that you share all symptoms, your medical history, and any known risks with your physician to ensure appropriate testing and diagnosis.

Diagnostic tests that are provided at Capital Health include:

Imaging studies: chest x-ray (CXR), computed tomography (CT), low-dose computed tomography (LDCT), positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) — a special type of MRI

Biopsy: the tissue in a mass is examined for cancer cells

Endobronchial ultrasound (EU) and endoscopic esophageal ultrasound (EUS): used to view lymph nodes

Thoracentesis: the fluid around the lungs is examined for cancer cells

Sputum cytology: the mucous is examined for cancer cells

Nodules

Lung nodules are abnormal spots commonly discovered incidentally on imaging studies or during low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) scans. While most nodules are benign, some may be cancerous. If a nodule is found, a multidisciplinary team of expert specialists in our Lung Center will evaluate your nodule.

Lung Cancer Types

At Capital Health, we treat all types of lung cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Their names are based on their appearance under the microscope. Each grows differently and requires different treatment modalities.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

This is the most common type of cancer representing about 80% to 85% of lung cancers. The main subtypes are adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and large cell carcinoma.

Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC)

Between 10% to 15% percent of all lung cancer cases are SCLC. This fast growth cancer is commonly diagnosed in an advanced stage.

Treatment

At the Capital Health Cancer Center, a multidisciplinary team of experienced specialists are dedicated to providing thorough and exceptional care and support to you throughout your cancer journey — screening, diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship. You will receive a customized treatment plan taking into account your type of cancer, cancer stage, personal history, and risk of recurrence. Our commitment to providing you high-quality care includes state-of-the-art technology and advanced treatment options:

Clinical Trials and Research

Some patients may benefit by participating in a clinical trial. In fact, most of today’s treatments for cancer are based on clinical trials. The Capital Health Cancer Center supports numerous active trials and maintains a listing of clinical trials currently available to eligible patients.

Capital Health Lung Center

The Capital Health Lung Center proudly provides a full range of lung disease care with the goal of providing patients comprehensive treatments, expert clinicians, leading-edge technology, and access to important support services.

  • Thoracic Surgery
  • Interventional Pulmonary Medicine
  • Lung Cancer Screening
  • Lung Nodule Clinic
  • Pulmonary Rehabilitation
  • Smoking Cessation

Contact Us

For additional information on lung cancer screenings, diagnosis, and treatment at Capital Health Cancer Center, call 1-844-303-LUNG (5864).