According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 84,155 women in the U.S. were diagnosed with gynecologic cancer in 2009 (the most recent year numbers are available). There are five main types of cancer that affect a woman’s reproductive system:
- Cervical Cancer, which begins in the lower, narrow end of the uterus and presents with abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
- Ovarian Cancer, which begins in the ovaries and presents with abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge, pelvic pain or pressure, abdominal or back pain, bloating, or changes in bathroom habits
- Uterine Cancer, which begins in the uterus and presents with abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge and pelvic pain or pressure
- Vaginal Cancer, which begins in the vagina and presents with abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge and changes in bathroom habits
- Vulvar Cancer, which begins in the vulva and presents with pelvic pain or pressure, itching or burning of the vulva (the outer part of the female genitalia), and changes in vulva color or skin (rash, sores or warts)
These symptoms are merely a guide and may be caused by something other than cancer. That is why it is important to see a doctor if you are experiencing one or some of these symptoms.
At the Capital Health Cancer Center, our multidisciplinary team (including gynecological oncology) offers a variety of treatment options to develop a comprehensive, individualized treatment plan that is convenient for patients and referring physicians. Treatment options may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy (using either the TrueBeamTM Linear Accelerator or CyberKnife® Robotic Radiosurgery System), and minimally invasive surgery (including the da Vinci® Surgical System).
Our Center also participates in various clinical trials that offer patients the very latest in cancer care while giving physicians and researchers the opportunity to study the effectiveness of the treatment.